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The Blue Ocean and Business Models: How to Go Blue and Stay Blue

by Len Gingerella  |  
May 18, 2010

Red to Blue to Red

If I ask 10 businesspeople to define the term "business model," I get 10 different answers—ranging from vague descriptions about the product's proprietary process to generalized descriptions, including how the product is marketed, sold, distributed, and supported.

I marvel at how many senior business executives still describe their business model using the classic marketing metaphor, "We do it, faster, better, cheaper," as if today's market is dumb enough to believe product differentiators can be faster, better, cheaper. So my follow-up is, "Tell me how it is faster, better, cheaper."

Business modeling and business models seem to remain a mystery. When things are good, businesses have a superior business model (whatever that means); when things are bad, their business model is OK, but the market is bad. Although both positions are true to some extent, the concept of "business model" is unclear.

To shed some light on the business-model mystery and hopefully prove its importance to success and sustained growth, I have chosen to introduce the use of the business-model concept as the foundation for a relatively new business strategy called Blue Ocean.

Beat-the-Competition Thinking Is Dead

When the book Blue Ocean Strategy: How to Create Uncontested Market Space and Make the Competition Irrelevant by W. Chan Kim and Renee Mauborgne was released in 2005, the market, rightfully so, was abuzz with the simple revelations the book put forth.

The "Red Ocean" metaphor, used to describe a cutthroat, backstabbing, cluttered bloody marketplace, struck a chord with most businesspeople. The book challenged businesses to "Stop trying to beat the competition and [instead] make the competition irrelevant by breaking the value cost trade-off paradigm."

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Len Gingerella Len Gingerella is clinical professor of entrepreneurial studies at Loyola University Chicago, School of Business Administration. Reach him via

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  • by wamai Wed May 19, 2010 via web

    Brlliant article. Now the Blue Ocean Strategy is clear.

  • by Vivek Thu May 27, 2010 via web

    Good article.

  • by Renato A. Florencio Tue Jun 1, 2010 via web

    RAF, DF Brazil

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