Driven by the need to save money during the economic downturn, consumers have been revoking their allegiance to brands in the past two years, and many have opted for cheaper brands across a variety of product categories, according to a new study from comScore.
Brand Loyalty Diminishes Across All Product Categories and Segments
As the economic downturn has continued, the percentage of shoppers who typically buy brands they want most has steadily declined. In March 2010, less than 50% of shoppers reported purchasing the brand they wanted most.
In some categories, particularly CPG household products and housewares, consumers were already more likely to buy a brand they didn't "want most" at the start of the recession. For example, in March 2008 just 43% of consumers reported buying the facial tissue brands they wanted, and just 36% bought the brand of paper towels they wanted.
Those categories (paper towels, facial tissue) have not recorded increases in trading down from a brand perspective, possibly because such categories have led the way in tiering, allowing consumers to stick with their preferred brand at a more attractive price point.
However, as the economic downturn persists, such trading-down behavior is spreading to categories that were previously immune (e.g., health and beauty aid, over-the-counter medicines). Increases in trading down in those categories have largely occurred in the past year.
Higher-ticket items, such as apparel, have registered large increases in trading down (15 points in the past two years) possibly due to larger absolute savings on a single purchase.