President Obama was elected in 2008 because he knew how to create and mobilize advocates. Via authentic community engagement, he was also able to raise half a billion dollars online during his 21-month campaign for the presidency, dramatically ushering in a new digital era in presidential fundraising and advocacy.

In 2008, The Washington Post provided insight into Obama's online operation based on the numbers: Three million supporters made a total of 6.5 million donations online, adding up to more than $500 million. Of those 6.5 million donations, six million were $100 or less. The average online donation was $80, and the average Obama supporter gave more than once.

More than 13 million people provided their email addresses to the "Obama for America" campaign site and opted in to receive email messages about campaign news and events. Supporters also created more than two million user profiles, wrote more than 400,000 blog posts, hosted more than 200,000 events, and established more than 45,000 volunteer groups throughout the United States. And just before Election Day, Obama supporters made more than three million phone calls to citizens to advocate his election.

The number of Facebook fans or Twitter followers Obama has is irrelevant in this example. It wasn't the quantity or size of Obama's online community that helped him get elected. One of the primary reasons Obama was elected was his ability to inspire action. His supporters believed in his vision. They trusted in his "Change we can believe in" positioning statement.

His supporters rallied behind him and told their friends, followers, co-workers, family members, and neighbors, and they even called strangers every day for months to share his vision for the country. The volume of online conversations on Facebook, Twitter, and the entire social Web sparked a groundswell of supporters for his vision.

That level of advocacy resulted in Obama's election on November 4, 2008.

A Valuable Lesson for Business

Many companies, products, and brands have advocates. An advocate is a person who loves or believes in something so much that he or she tells anyone and everyone about it. Advocates are influential and passionate, and they talk about the brands they care about even if the brand isn't listening.

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR
image of Michael Brito
Michael Brito is senior vice-president of social business planning at Edelman Digital. He writes frequently for his social media blog and just finished writing his first social business book, Smart Business, Social Business: A Playbook for Social Media in Your Organization, which will be released in July 2011. All book royalties are being donated to Not For Sale.