Why do some video advertisements get millions of online shares, whereas others barely get any?

Unruly recently set out to try to answer that question by examining which television ads from the most recent Super Bowl performed well online, and which did not.

Specifically, the analysis looked at how many online shares (via social media, blogs, etc.) each Super Bowl television advertisement garnered, and what qualities the highest performers had in common.

Among the key findings from the report:

Celebrities do not necessarily drive online ad sharing

Only three of the top 12 most-shared Super Bowl ads online included celebrities, and various campaigns starring big names such as Ellen Degeneres (Beats, #36 most shared), U2 (Bank of America, #20), Bob Dylan (Chrysler, #15), David Beckham (H&M, #22), and Stephen Colbert (Wonderful Pistachios, #33) failed to make it into the top 12.

Moreover, only 13% of the 100 most shared ads of all time online (Super Bowl and non-Super Bowl) featured stars.

Successful ads trigger a strong emotional response

Unruly identified 18 psychological responses (shock, sadness, etc.) which the videos could potentially trigger. The most shared Super Bowl advertisements all elicited at least one (and often more than one) emotional reaction from viewers. For example, the most shared ad this year, Budweiser's "Puppy Love", sparked very strong feelings of warmth and happiness.

Most of the ads with few shares did not trigger strong emotional responses. In particular, many of the advertisements that tried to be humorous only elicited low "hilarity" reactions from viewers.

"Most of the ads just weren't funny enough to drive shares.... [I]f humor is your trigger, you'll need a pay-off that's worthy of a belly-laugh. If sexy is your trigger, you should be aiming for steam-up-the-windows sexy; a luke-warm bath will not drive people to share," the report concludes.

Shared ads include multiple social motivators

The most shared Super Bowl ads online this year all included social motivations—such as appeals to social good, shared passions, opinion seeking, and self-expression.

Moreover, most of the highly shared ads included multiple motivators that appealed to different subsets of viewers.

Viral doesn't necessarily equate to brand recall

Of course, being shared heavily online doesn't necessarily guarantee that an ad helps to meet the advertiser's goals.

Some advertisements greatly reduced the impact of their investments by not promoting their brand effectively in the spots, the analysis found.

For example, only 7% of consumers surveyed could recall which brand was associated with the Super Bowl ad featuring Bob Dylan (Chrysler).

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image of Ayaz Nanji

Ayaz Nanji is a writer, editor, and a content strategist. He is a co-founder of ICW Media and a research writer for MarketingProfs. He has worked for Google/YouTube, the Travel Channel, and the New York Times.

LinkedIn: Ayaz Nanji

Twitter: @ayaznanji